What is speech therapy?

Speech therapy is the diagnosis and treatment of speech and language disorders in infants, toddlers, school-going children, teens, adults and geriatric population. It is performed by a speech-language pathologist (SLPs), who is often referred to as a speech therapist. 
Speech therapists screen, diagnose, treat, manage and consult people with speech, language, communication, hearing, cognitive-communication, voice, social communication, feeding and swallowing disorders, in children and adults.
Speech therapists work alongside teachers, counselors, parents, occupational therapists, psychologists, physiotherapists, and other professionals.

Children Embracing in Circle

Who needs speech therapy?

Speech therapy improves overall communication, enhances social skills, enables to cope up better with society and function in day-to-day life. It should be started as early as diagnosis is made. Children need speech therapy if the have,

  • Delay in speech and language development

  • Articulation disorder

  • Stuttering or stammering disorder

  • Voice disorder

  • Feeding disorder and swallowing problems. 

  • Some children may have adequate language but have difficulties in pragmatics or verbal and non-verbal behavior while having conversations and in other social settings.


Adults need speech therapy for

  • Aphasia after stroke,

  • Dysarthria,

  • Pragmatic language disorder.

  • In conditions like brain injury and stroke, your ability to communicate gets affected.


Speech and language therapy techniques are used to improve communication skills and speech impairments.

Benefits of speech therapy

  • Improvement in the ability to communicate (i.e understand and express thoughts, ideas and feelings

  • Intelligible speech so your child is understood by others and speak more clearly

  • Improve ability to problem-solve in an independent environment

  • Increase independence

  • Improve literacy

  • Improve socialization and Development of practical social skills​

  • Boost self-esteem and reduce shyness

  • Improve the quality of life

  • Improve swallowing function and safety

  • Increased ability to problem-solve

  • Attainment of pre-literacy and school readiness skills

  • Improved vocal quality

  • Fluent speech

Does speech therapy work?

Yes, speech therapy gives results. However, it also depends on the disorder and the age group in case of children and the severity of the disorder in adults. Speech therapy is not a miracle cure, results need time and patience.

Another crucial factor is the intensity of the therapy and the adequate follow-up at home. Early intervention gives a better outcome. So start therapy as soon as possible.


The​​ success of speech therapy depends on :

  • The age of the child/adult

  • Early intervention

  • Type and severity of the speech disorder

  • Frequency and duration of therapy

  • Underlying medical condition/disorder

  • Treatment and medication of the underlying medical condition

  • Activities need to be practiced at home.

  • Parents/Caregivers need to replicate the plan explained by the therapist at home.​